Efforts of DKI Jakarta Provincial Government to Reduce Air Pollution

by:Eva Simorangkir

Editor:Ramdan Malik Batubara, Aditya Gagat Hanggara

07 Sep 2023

Clear skies above, clean air within – the recipe for a perfect day. What do you think about that, Smartcitizens? You might agree. Like an elixir, good quality air gives positive effects: improved respiratory health and enhances your mood as it is relaxing. That is why the DKI Jakarta Provincial Government (Pemerintah Provinsi DKI Jakarta/Pemprov DKI Jakarta) always gives efforts to reduce air pollution. Below is how Pemprov DKI Jakarta protects its citizens.


Public Transport Renewal

Pemprov DKI Jakarta frequently does public transport renewal such as Transjakarta. If a vehicle is more than 10 years old and does not pass the emission test, it will be prohibited to operate. This is stated in the Governor Instructions of DKI Jakarta number 66 of 2019 concerning Air Quality Control. An emission test shows the level of emission threshold from the combustion engine. If the level is too high, it will affect the air. 

Public transport renewal, an effort of Pemprov DKI Jakarta to reduce air pollution

Gasoline vehicles produced after 2007 must have COlevels below 1.5% with hydrocarbon (HC) below 200 parts per million (ppm). Your vehicle will not pass if the exhaust content of the engine exceeds the maximum limit. As of 14 August 2023, there have been 970.000 vehicles in Jakarta participated in the emission test.


Odd-Even Policy

Not all private cars can pass Jakarta roads everyday. There is an odd-even policy, made to restrict vehicles based on number plates. For example, your plate number is B 93 NAP. That is considered as an odd plate number, since 3 as an odd number is in the end of the number. This policy is mentioned in the Government Regulations of DKI Jakarta Number 88 of 2019 concerning Amendments to Regulation Number 155 of 2018 concerning Traffic Restrictions with an Odd-Even System.


Odd-even policy, an effort of Pemprov DKI Jakarta to reduce air pollution


The implementation of this policy is done everyday from Monday to Friday at 6 AM–10 AM and 4 PM–9 PM, except during a national holiday. To see enforced areas and what vehicles are excluded, click here!

Implementation of TOD

Pemprov DKI Jakarta continues to realize environmentally friendly transportation. Jakartans can use electric buses provided by Transjakarta and rail-based public transportation systems, such as LRT (Light Rail Transit) and MRT (Mass Rapid Transit). Transportation modes like these do not produce greenhouse gases (GHG) or emissions from combustion, making them more environmentally friendly. To connect each mode of transportation, Pemprov DKI Jakarta implements the concept of TOD (Transit Oriented Development). TOD is an integrated urban development pattern with the transportation system. With TOD, Jakarta residents can easily switch from one mode of transportation to another.


Implementation of Transit Oriented Development, an effort of Pemprov DKI Jakarta to reduce air pollution


TOD is created in public areas, allowing residents to reach their destinations on foot and reduce the use of private vehicles. This approach is part of Jakarta's smart mobility practices as a smart city.


Also read: Could Transit Oriented Development Lessen Jakarta’s Traffic?


Abundance of Low Emission Zones

Are you a city stroller? If so, you might enjoy the Low Emission Zones/LEZ in Jakarta. A Low Emission Zone is an area where motorised vehicles are restricted–only pedestrians, cyclists, public transport, and low emission vehicles are allowed. 


Abundance of Low Emission Zones, an effort of Pemprov DKI Jakarta to reduce air pollution


Realising Low Emission Zones is aimed to improve air quality. On 8 February 2021, Kota Tua was selected as the pilot for LEZ in Jakarta. Another example of LEZ is Tebet Eco Park, which could be the perfect place for your recreation.


Also read:


Green Open Spaces

Nature is not merely a place to visit; it is also home for its lovers. This is why green open spaces are recognised as vital sources of oxygen. Pemprov DKI Jakarta is aiming to build green open spaces or Ruang Terbuka Hijau/RTH covering 30% of Jakarta area in total. This is stated in the Governor Regulations of DKI Jakarta Government Number 9 of 2022 about Green Open Spaces. 


Green Open Spaces, an effort of Pemprov DKI Jakarta to reduce air pollution


Need to know where the nearest RTH is? Open the JAKI super-app on your device, turn your location, and look for RTH in the search bar. It will show the distance of RTH around you.


Also read: Relax at Your Favorite Parks With JAKI


Jakartans also need to always be aware of the city’s condition. In order to raise awareness, the Pemprov DKI Jakarta provides official information about air quality on the website of the DKI Jakarta Provincial Environmental Agency and on JAKI. You just need to download the application and then search for the Air Quality feature in the search bar. Let’s support these efforts, so we can overcome air pollution and stay healthy!

Also read: How To Reduce Air Pollution Using JAKI

Authors and Editor

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