What Jakarta Does to Lower Its Carbon Emissions

by:Eva Simorangkir

Editor:Ramdan Malik Batubara, Aditya Gagat Hanggara

21 Dec 2023

Preserving the Earth is our responsibility, not just a lifestyle choice. Smartcitizens, do you all agree? Climate change has become one of the challenges faced by the world. Innovations must be continuously strengthened to maintain environmental sustainability, including in Jakarta, which is transforming into a global cityCOP28(the 28th Conference of the Parties) is a meeting to discuss steps to address this issue.

What are the actions taken by the Jakarta Provincial Government? Heru Budi Hartono, as the Acting Governor of Jakarta, said, “Jakarta is committed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 30 percent and ambitiously by 50 percent by 2030. We also target zero emissions by 2050.” To make it clearer, let's discuss it below, shall we?

What Jakarta Does to Lower Its Carbon Emissioins

Ride Electric Buses, Reduce Emissions

Easy mobility is crucial for a smart city like Jakarta. The availability of environmentally friendly transportation is as important. Therefore, Jakarta needs to provide its citizens with facilities that reduce traffic congestion while lowering carbon emissions. Electric buses are introduced to support an environmentally friendly urban layout. In 2022, PT Transportasi Jakartaand the Jakarta Provincial Government officially operated electric buses.


Electric bus from PT Transportasi Jakarta. Source: Jakarta Smart City

Electric bus from PT Transportasi Jakarta. Source: Jakarta Smart City


Whilst other modes of transportation operate on diesel fuel, electric buses run on batteries. This reduces emissions by up to 50.3%, making them more environmentally friendly. Thanks to electric buses, the use of solar fuel is also reduced by Rp15.5 billion per year, contributing to increased national energy resilience.

Additionally, the noise produced by electric bus engines decreases by 28% compared to diesel buses, making them more comfortable.

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Let’s Do Emission Tests!

Clean air supports an improvement in quality of life and the realization of a smart city. Therefore, control measures are needed to maintain good air quality. However, there are 21,856,081 motor vehicles in Jakarta as of 2022. Motor vehicles are one of the causes of air pollution. This is why the Jakarta Provincial Government issued Governor Regulation No. 66 of 2020: emission tests are mandatory for all vehicles aged more than three years.

Emission testing in Jakarta. Source: www.beritajakarta.id

Emission testing in Jakarta. Source: www.beritajakarta.id


Emission testing involves assessing engine performance and vehicle pollution. From this, the emission threshold from combustion engines can be determined. If the engine exhaust gas content exceeds the maximum limit, the vehicle will not pass the emission test.

There are several preparations that need to be made for emission testing. You can prepare by using the Emission Test feature on JAKI. This feature helps users:

  • check emission test results;
  • find emission test locations; and
  • schedule emission tests.


Also read:

Emissions Testing Program 101: The Whats and Hows

By March 2023, 235 new parks have been built in Jakarta. Heru Budi Hartono stated that this greening effort is essential to achieve zero carbon emissions, targeted for 2060. “Firstly, of course, supporting and encouraging the achievement of net-zero emissions by 2060. One of them is greening Jakarta. In my three months leading DKI Jakarta, we have added parks in 235 locations,” he explained.

The quality of life in Jakarta is not only determined by government regulations. Its residents also need to actively participate and provide support. Let’s come together to make Jakarta a better city!

Authors and Editor

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