Smart Environment: Managing the Environment in Jakarta

by:Eva Simorangkir

Editor:Ramdan Malik Batubara, Aditya Gagat Hanggara

24 Oct 2023

Have you ever experienced technology-based innovations in a city? These innovations are designed to make life easier. This signifies that the city is considered a smart city, such as Jakarta. There are pillars that support the implementation of a smart city, and one of them is Smart Environment. So, how does this particular pillar function in a city and enhance the well-being of its residents? Come dive in!
 

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Flood Control System in Jakarta. Photo: Faith Arighi Arsyadi/Jakarta Smart City

Flood Control System in Jakarta. Photo: Faith Arighi Arsyadi/Jakarta Smart City

 

Overview of a Smart Environment

Every day, humans engage in a series of activities in their respective environments. If the environment is not managed properly, it can have a negative impact on its people. Therefore, a smart city needs to implement a Smart Environment or “lingkungan cerdas” when translated into Indonesian. Smart Environment is a way to manage the environment responsibly and sustainably. This management involves generating innovations such as:

  1. ICT-based flood control

  1. Smart waste management

  1. Carbon emission reduction

  1. Smart energy

  1. Green buildings

  1. Sanitation management

 

Innovations in Jakarta's Smart Environment

As a metropolis often faced with various challenges, has Jakarta lost its way to address them? Certainly not! The Jakarta Provincial Government has taken steps to address environmental challenges. What are they? Come explore together!

 

RDF Processing

Waste does not always get wasted. Apparently, there is a process that can make it become useful! It's called RDF (Refuse-Derived Fuel), which processes waste with specific calorific value and specifications. This will serve as an alternative fuel to replace coal. The processing is carried out at the Integrated Waste Processing Facility (Tempat Pengolahan Sampah Terpadu/TPST) in Bantargebang, Bekasi.
 

Acting Governor of Jakarta, Heru Budi Hartono, at the RDF Plant in Bantargebang, on June 27, 2023

Acting Governor of Jakarta, Heru Budi Hartono, at the RDF Plant in Bantargebang, on June 27, 2023. 

Source: Diskominfotik Jakarta Provincial Government

 

The 20 trucks carrying RDF products are sold by the Jakarta Provincial Government to cement factories such as PT Indocement Tunggal Perkasa Tbk and PT Solusi Bangun Indonesia (SBI). There are stages involved in the process of turning waste into RDF, which include:

  1. screening,
  2. separation,
  3. Shredding, and
  4. drying

"We send 625 tons per day to PT Indocement and 75 tons per day to SBI. They will buy it at a minimum price of US$24 per ton. We will generate revenue from the sale of RDF. This will also help reduce waste," said Asep Kuswanto, Head of the Jakarta Provincial’s Dinas Lingkungan Hidup. Fascinating! Let’s say, that equals to killing three birds with one stone.

 

A collaboration of Jakarta Provincial Government with the citizens

Collaboration amongst individuals is always needed for the common good. That is why the Jakarta Provincial Government's Biro Penataan Kota dan Lingkungan Hidup conducts a large collaboration with their citizens. This collaboration provides a network-based donation platform as a facility for ideas, initiatives, and innovations to make Jakarta cleaner. Several aid packages can be distributed, such as:

  • Bank Sampah: providing waste management tools
  • Rukun Warga: overseeing waste management up to neighborhood (RW) level
  • Maggot: raising adult larvae (maggot) that can decompose organic waste like food leftovers into protein. The results of this cultivation can also be used as animal feed, maggot oil, liquid fertilizer, and soil fertilizer.
  • Minyak Jelantah: processing used cooking oil into biodiesel or environmentally friendly energy sources


 

Donors can also choose other aid packages, such as masks and gloves. Are you interested in collaborating? Please visit their website!
 

Location Map Page to collaborate

Location Map Pageto collaborate

 

ICT-based Flood Control

Jakarta is located in a low-lying land with 40% of its land area below sea level. This geographical location makes flooding a challenge that Jakarta must face. This is where ICT (Information and Communication Technology) plays a role. As part of the Jakarta Provincial Government, Jakarta Smart City and the Jakarta Water Resources Agency (Dinas Sumber Daya Air or DSDA) operate the Flood Control System. This system analyses real-time data related to rainfall, water levels, and river flow to predict and prevent flooding more effectively.
 

Flood Control System in Jakarta

Flood Control System in Jakarta

 

The steps involve collecting historical data such as water levels, vibrations, temperature, and CCTV recordings from IoT and sensors installed in 178 pump houses. Flood management policies are designed based on the analyzed data.

To this day, residents of Jakarta can use the Flood Monitoring feature on JAKI and the official website pantaubanjir.jakarta.go.idto check flood points. Let's support this innovation for a safer and more comfortable Jakarta!

Read also: Rejoice! Jakarta Won 2023 SAS Hackathon

 

Reducing emissions

Vehicle exhaust emissions are one of the main sources of air pollution. A polluted environment is detrimental to the well-being of residents. Therefore, the Jakarta Provincial Government is taking various measures to address this, such as:

  • Emission tests: testing the performance of motor vehicle engines to determine the maximum allowable emissions. By knowing the emission levels, drivers can reduce air pollution. If a vehicle does not pass the emission test, or if the driver does not undergo the test, fines will be imposed. To make it easier for you, please search for Emission Test services on the JAKI search bar.
  • Implementation of TOD (Transit-oriented Development): an urban development pattern integrated with the transportation system, making it easier for residents to reach their destinations and switch between different modes of transportation. This reduces exhaust emissions thanks to environmentally friendly transportation options such as Transjakarta, LRT (Light Rail Transit), and MRT (Mass Rapid Transit).
  • Preservation of green open spaces(Ruang Terbuka Hijau/RTH): as a source of oxygen and a place for activities

 

Samtama (Joint Responsibility for Waste) program

Waste management can create a clean, healthy, and sustainable environment. This why the Jakarta Provincial’s Dinas Lingkungan Hidup and the PKK Task Force (Tim Penggerak PKK) are carrying out the Samtama(Sampah Tanggung Jawab Bersama) initiative.

The Samtama program reduces waste at the source through 22 pilot neighborhood units (Rukun Warga/RW). Dinas Lingkungan Hidup explains that the program includes:

  • Bank Sampah: collecting dry waste converted into money
  • 3R Waste Management Centers (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle)
  • Campaigns and regulations to restrict single-use plastic

 

JRC (Jakarta Recycle Center) Program

If you visit the websiteto collaborate, you will find various types and amounts of waste in Jakarta. The waste dumped at the Integrated Waste Management Facility (Tempat Pengelolaan Sampah Terpadu) in Bantargebang is still mixed, making it difficult to process. However, waste processing supports environmental preservation. Therefore, the Jakarta Provincial Government has implemented the Jakarta Recycle Center (JRC) Program. This program involves sorting waste at the source.

 

JRC (Jakarta Recycle Center)

JRC (Jakarta Recycle Center). Source: Unit Pengelola Sampah TerpaduDinas Lingkungan Hidup Provinsi DKI Jakarta

 

Waste that has been sorted is collected according to a predetermined schedule agreed upon by residents. This program is carried out in collaboration with the city of Osaki in Japan!

Living in a smart city that implements Smart Environment gives hope for a sustainable future. After all, we all want to live in a peaceful environment, don't we?

With the various available technologies, we also need to support and participate in every innovation. If you encounter something troubling in Jakarta, never hesitate to report it! CRM (Citizen Relation Management) integrates 13 official complaint channelsof the Jakarta Provincial Government, including the Citizen Report feature on JAKI. Feel free to use it! If you want to stay updated on smart city information, including Smart Environment, follow Jakarta Smart Cityon social media!

Also read: Take a Peek at Citizen Report on JAKI 3.0

Authors and Editor

More in Smart Environment Category

Jakarta has a new platform for monitoring air quality! By accessing air.jakarta.go.id, you can check air quality at 31 points in Jakarta.

With its coastal areas, North Jakarta is the site of NCICD. This project addresses flooding and improves residents’ quality of life.

RDF Plant in Rorotan is a place to manage waste, turning it into alternative fuel. Take a peek at this innovation from Jakarta!

Rivers are a source of life for Jakartans. Thus, you need to know three of its main pollutants. Read how to minimize them here as well.

Transforming into a global city, Jakarta needs to continue to protect its environment. This is what they do to reduce carbon emissions.

The rainy season in Jakarta makes the environment vulnerable to flooding. This is what the Provincial Government is doing to keep its citizens safe.